Have you ever seen a picture of a Black Hole? Well, if you think you have we are sorry to inform you that you have not because anything you ever seen on the internet or even in a movie is only an illustrations of an artist’s impression of what he/she would think a black hole would look like. Having stated this you don’t have to be a science geek to understand that black holes normally just suck what ever gets pulled in, they do not spew things out, at least until now!
Recently, NASA captured something extraordinary at a supermassive black hole which is named Markarian 335. Markarian 335 is a Seyfert galaxy containing a supermassive black hole that is located 324 million light-years away in the constellation of Pegasus. This massive black hole’s ‘corona’ was being observed by two of NASA’s best telescopes, including the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR), when it unexpectedly ‘launched’ away from the black hole.
Then unrepentantly an enormous amount of energy-light (X-Ray Flare) was spewed out. Not only has such a phenomena never happened before it just doesn’t fit the text book, reminding us that we truly don’t have much information on black holes.
Professor Dan Wilkins, at Saint Mary’s University had the following to say:
“This is the first time we have been able to link the launching of the corona to a flare. This will help us comprehend how supermassive black holes power some of the brightest objects in the cosmos — This is without any doubt one of the most important discoveries ever made.”
Black holes themselves don’t release light. However, they are often seen with a ring of light around them, which is caused by particles being drawn towards them and building up.
Fiona Harrison head investigator of NuSTAR’s stated that the nature of the energetic source was ‘mysterious,’ but went on to say that being able to record this event would provide some clues about the nature of black hole’s size and structure, along with possible new information on just how the black holes actually work. Luckily, Markarian 335 is so far from Earth, there is nothing to worry about for the time being.
“When this happens, and the corona launches in our direction, its light is brightened in an effect called relativistic Doppler boosting.
Putting this all together, the results show that the X-ray flare from this black hole was caused by the ejected corona.”
While they do not have all the answers regarding black holes, this new occurrence seems to have got NASA extremely excited and is a big step forward in understanding them.
You may also like to watch:
Black Holes Explained – From Birth to Death
Think your friends would be interested? Share this story!